Headaches are common in today’s busy life schedule but if it is due to migraine then you need to add some precautions. First of all it is important to differentiate between common headaches and migraine so that patient can avail right treatment at perfect time. Migraine is generally characterised by reoccurring attacks of extreme headaches that can cause pulsating or throbbing pain mostly on one portion of head. Such type of headaches are usually accompanied by vomiting, nausea and severe sensitivity to sound and light which can last for two three days regularly. Migraine pains are so extreme that they soon start interfering with our regular activities such as work routines or sleeping schedule etc.
As per recent analysis approximately 30 million people of America are suffering from Migraine and the ratio is dangerous in other countries too. Most of the people who are affected with migraine pains are from age group that varies from 25 to 55 and these symptoms are more likely to develop in females as compared to males. Migraine is generally caused by certain kind of composite infirmity that is related to blood vessels and brain around head. The mind may grow hyperactive in reaction to some typical environmental stimulation as like smells, light or anything else; this process initiates a flow of chemical imbalances that produce irritation in nerves around head. With this action blood vessels start expanding and some chemical leakage is observed in body that cause more irritation in nerves. Some chronic migraine symptoms include:
Pounding, pulsating or throbbing head pain.
Pain that goes too bad with endeavour.
Vomiting or Nausea.
Abdominal pains can be observed.
Severe sensitivity towards sound as well as light.
Migraine Symptoms in Children:
Children suffering from Migraine also receive same types of headaches as that of adults but some symptoms may vary. The most common example is that in adults migraine pain is mostly observed at early morning hours whereas in children it can be active at late afternoon. For children these pains usually last for less than four hours but in case of adults migraine pains are active for more than four hours. Some common migraine symptoms are dizziness, abdominal pain, vomiting and headache; they may need to sleep more in some cases.
Generally children fell asleep approximately before one hour of attack and following symptoms may accompany:
Colourlessness with some dark circles around eyes.
Distended nasal passing.
Increased thirst, urination and diarrhoea.
Infants can also suffer with Migraine problems but they are too small to express their pain; they usually start crying and sometime use their hand to indicate pain in head. If you find of these symptoms it is good to concern your doctor as soon as possible to avail on time treatment.
Migraine treatments have undergone so many changes from past few years; as the numbers of patients are increasing day by day so medical science are regularly discovering advanced treatment techniques to provide best solution. There are three most common approaches for treatment of migraine: Complementary, Preventive and Acute. For the first type of treatment doctors prefer to use preventive actions instead of drugs; some preferred activities are exercise, acupuncture, relaxation therapies, biofeedback and some focus on rest as well as diet. In case of Preventive treatment we focus towards drug consumption on daily basis so that ratio of attacks can be reduced as per intensity of pain. For Acute treatment specialists issue some drugs that can recover the attack symptoms whenever they occur. Some typical treatments also focus on life style alterations with other non medication treatments. Those who are affected by chronic migraine pains are generally treated with combination of all these treatments.
There are generally two types of medications that can be used for migraine treatment: Prophylactic medications are used for prevention of migraine headaches whereas abortive medications are consumed to control signs of already existing migraine pain. The selection of medications depends upon level of migraine and some other associated medical issues:
Abortive Drugs Include:
Some pain medications that possess acetaminophen, ASA and certain anti-inflammatory non- steroidal agents as ingredients are useful for Migraine.
Triptans such as eletripan, frovatriptan, almotriptan, rizatriptan, naratriptan etc. are helpful in blood vessel damage recovery that helps in pain relief.
Dimenhydrinate, prochlorperazine, chlorpromazine and metoclopromide are also helpful.
Prophylactic Drugs Include:
Antiseizure drugs as like valproic acid topiramate, gabapentin, divalproex sodium helps to balance nerves and reduce triggering of migraine pains.
Some blood pressure curing drugs for example lisinopril, candesartan, beta blockers etc. are useful for creating balance over blood vessels.
Nortriptyline and amitriptyline works for pain recovery with lower amount of dose.
Magnesium, coenzyme, riboflavin supplements helps to recover various migraine symptoms.